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About APCA

Origin :

The modern theory of Reformation and Rehabilitation emphasizes the need for training not only in custodial and security aspects, but also in the scientific methods of treatment of offenders. The need for such a comprehensive training programme was badly felt, during the meeting of the Inspectors General of Prisons held at New Delhi. It was presided over by the then Union Minister who strongly advocated for the opening of Regional Institutes for training Prison and Correctional Officers in four Regions of the country. The subsequent meeting of Zonal Council of Southern States held in 1972, discussed the matter propitiously and resolved to set up a Training Institute in one of the States of the Southern Region. The All India Working Group on Prisons appointed by the Government of India in the year 1972-73, also strongly recommended the idea of opening of an All India Institute in the country to cater to the training needs of the personnel in the overall field of Social Defence.

The Chief Secretaries Conference held in April 1979 in New Delhi, under the Chairmanship of the then Home Minister, gave countenance for the implementation of the above recommendation i.e., training of personnel at regional level, with full assistance and support from the Government of India.

The Academy of Prisons & Correctional Administration ,Vellore which is the first of its kind in India and a fine model of regional co-operation in the country, is sponsored by the four Southern States (Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu). The Institute was inaugurated on 1.10.1979 and became a pioneering Institute in preparing personnel to handle the Prison and Correctional Administration in the country, to achieve the accepted objectives of reintegrating the offenders in the main stream of the society.


         To prepare Prison and  Correctional Officers as Leaders, who will lead the Correctional Services with uprightness, dedication, courage and a strong sense of service to the people, to achieve the goals of Reformation, Rehabilitation and  Reintegration of Prisoners into Society.

Mission Statement of APCA :

         To impart quality training in Correctional Administration and allied subjects to the Correctional Officers of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu and  non-participating States.

         To inculcate in them, such values, standards and norms as would help them discharge their duties better.  In particular it will try to inculcate integrity of the highest order, sensitivity to aspirations of the people in fast changing social milieu, respect for human rights, law and justice, high standard of professionalism, physical fitness and mental altertness.

         To promote excellence by investing in Human Resource Development through training and research and by fostering 

 co-operation and co-ordination  for Common Vision.

Director is the head of the Institution.


Objectives :

         To impart training in Correctional Administration and allied subjects to the officers in the ranks of Assistant Jailors to Superintendent of Prisons and equivalent ranks and above, supervisory officers of allied Departments of the States of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu and also from non-participating States and other countries at the charges as determined by the Board of Management from time to time. (Amended vide 48th Meeting of the Board of Management of APCA held on 11.10.1996).

         To promote and provide for the study of Correctional Administration with special reference to Criminal Justices and the machinery of Government and for educational purposes incidental thereto.

         To undertake, organize and facilitate study courses, conference and lectures and research in matters relating to Correctional Administration and the Machinery of Government

         To undertake and provide for the publication of a journal and of research papers and books to impart training in and promote study of Correctional Administration

         To establish and maintain Libraries and information services to facilitate the study of Correctional Administration and spreading information in regard thereof

         To Co-operate with approved institutions and bodies for the purpose of helping the cause of Correctional Administration.

         To invest and deal with funds and money of the Society

         To Construct, maintain, alter, improve or develop any buildings or works necessary or convenient for the purpose of the society.

         To undertake and accept the management of any endowment or trust fund or donation

         To establish a Provident Fund for the benefit  of the employees of the society

         To do all such other lawful things as are conducive or incidental to the attainment of the above objects.


Board of  Management:


The Policy guidelines for the effective management of the Institute is drawn by Board of  Management comprising of  

         Director General & Inspector General of Prisons & Correctional Services,  Hyderabad

- 500 024, Andhra Pradesh.

         Additional Director General of Police (Prisons), Thiruvananthapuram - 695 012, Kerala.

         Addl.Director General of Police (Prisons), No.1, Gandhi-Irwin Salai, CMDA Tower-II, Egmore, Chennai - 600 008,

Tamil Nadu.               

         Additional Director General of Police & Inspector General of Prisons,  No.4, Seshadri Road, Gandhi Nagar,

Bangalore  - 560 009, Karnataka.

         Director (SR), Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India, New Delhi 110 001.

         The Director (Research), Bureau of Police Research & Development, Govt., of India, New Delhi 110 001 (Co-opt Member)


Chairmanship is rotated as per above seniority order among the four Director General / Additional Director General / Inspector General of  Prisons annually.


Secretary : Director, APCA, Vellore, Tamil Nadu.


Modernisation :

The Government of India, Ministry of Home Affairs, New Delhi under the modernization of Prison Administration Scheme sanctioned and released funds as detailed below on 100% grant basis for expansion and development of training activities at APCA. 


Part  - I   Scheme   1988-89

Rs.  20.80 lakhs


Part II  Scheme  1989-90

Rs.  48.12 lakhs


New Construction  1994-95

 Rs. 50.00 lakhs



Rs.118.92 lakhs


How to reach APCA ?


The Institute is situated near the Central Prison, Vellore and the State Prison for Women, Vellore in an area of 15 acres of land donated by the Government of Tamil Nadu. Vellore is the District Headquarter.


The Institute has close access to the International Airport at Chennai in Tamil Nadu and Bangalore in Karnataka. The parade ground of the Central Prison, Vellore, which is about 2 minutes walk is also used as a helipad. In addition to this, Vellore can be reached via Chennai to Bangalore National Highway. Katpadi is on the broad gauge railway route between Chennai and Bangalore, at 130 kms from Chennai. From both Katpadi Railway Station and Vellore Bus Station, City buses route Nos. 1 and 2 are available every ten minutes to APCA.


Distance between Katpadi Railway Station and APCA Campus is 12 kms - Vellore Bus Station and APCA Campus is 5 kms.


(Visit : Vellore District Website )